This content is provided by our sponsor. We can’t expect our students to all be on the same level, so why would we design our lessons that way? Differentiated instruction is NOT "individualized instruction." Teachers need to build community as well as attend to individual needs. Playing to Students’ Strengths. Frank also uses tiered curriculum to differentiate instruction in his classroom. However, differentiated instruction does not only fit elementary students but every student from different levels as well. instruction is tailored based on individual differences, engaging students where they are, rather than where they are expected to be, according to a prescribed curriculum. Differentiated instruction is not really a new concept; it has been with us for a very long time in the guise of ‘mixed-ability teaching'. Certainly students who have identified learning challenges are likely to need scaffolding on a fairly regular basis in order to grow academically as they should. It is not English-language-learner support. The young and bright-eyed educators come into the field with the idea that differentiation equals “everything all the time.”. Differentiated instruction is not a single Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. Page 12: Classroom Implementation. Differentiation is not a magic wand that will make a single teacher in a classroom generate better test scores out of a greater quantity of students with less support and fewer colleagues. These variations were important both to move each student along in his or her particular understandings and skills and to build a sense of community in the group. The teacher uses a variety of instructional strategies to help target instruction to students’ needs. A framework for giving students choice in demonstrating their understanding of course content. Now is the moment for educators to focus inward and repair classroom inequities, writes the CEO of Baltimore's public schools. Differentiated instruction allows students to show what they know in different ways. Teachers can differentiate content, process, and/or product for students (Tomlinson, 1999). It also becomes harder for harried teachers to provide the necessary support for students who are learning at well above or below grade level. There is not an intervention available that I will not implement for one of my 8th grade students, if needed. Understandings that are meaningful, intriguing, and thought provoking allow students to s… Differentiated instruction is not going away. What is Differentiated Instruction? We will, somehow, sand away at the mountains of grading and prep. Differentiation should be responsive instruction, not mechanical instruction. ET. It’s the act of modifying an activity to better suit diverse abilities. Teachers do it all the time, whether they realize it or not. Otherwise, differentiation risks becoming yet another washed-up idea. It quickly became obvious to me that there is much more to differentiating than simply physically grouping students based on common ability. We should be asking why the adults always control the learning. High-quality curriculum means planning with the end in mind. Educators share their strategies for connecting at a distance. The most powerful differentiation is based on pre-assessment and ongoing assessment of student progress toward key goals. Through differentiated instruction subject matter can also be more comprehensible for English Language Learners and as well as those students with special needs through the use of different activities. It is not an IEP. Differentiation is not supposed to equal remediation, however. But while differentiated instruction is the perfect solution for some, it may not be for others. We’re looking for feedback on our new site to make sure we continue to provide you the best experience. Mr. Shelton learns that differentiated instruction is an approach whereby teachers adjust their curriculum and instruction to maximize the learning of all students: average learners, English language learners, struggling students, students with learning disabilities, and gifted and talented students. For more useful teaching tips and tricks, click here. What Is Differentiated Instruction? Designing good curriculum starts with identifying the essential Understandings — the concepts, principles, or big ideas of the unit topic. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff. Fear of returning to uncertainty about “control of student behavior” is a major obstacle for many teachers in establishing a flexible classroom. When some teachers think of differentiating instruction, they imagine having to create a different lesson for every student in the room. Differentiated instruction is not the same as individualized instruction. A benchmark of teacher development is the point at which the teacher becomes secure and comfortable with managing classroom routines. Differentiated Instruction. With tiers, there … Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. Differentiated instruction allows us to zero in more closely on individual needs. And no, DI is not a separate lesson plan for each student. At times, whole-class instruction is important and effective. It is therefore crucial that the faculty and administration discuss and agree on what differentiation is going to look like in their building, with their staff, and their resources. Video 8.5.1. Differentiated Instruction. No matter what you call it, differentiated instruction is at the heart of everything that highly effective teachers do. But when I put that seating arrangement into practice during an Of Mice and Men unit, one group labeled themselves “the Lennie group,” after Steinbeck’s unforgettable character with an intellectual disability. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. Differentiated instruction is a wonderful strategy but with a class of ESE students it is difficult to use without an assistant to help. Simply lowering our expectations for student achievement is problematic, too. That was my belief until four years ago when I attended a multi-day professional development workshop where my middle school colleagues and I were introduced to differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction allows the teacher to change instruction based on a child's strengths and weaknesses. There is an enormous amount of information about differentiated instruction and the related The standards represent grade-level achievement, which is supposed to be the aim. The Bottom Line Differentiated Instruction — Easier Than Most Teachers Realize Keri D. Ingraham November 25, 2020 Learning “Differentiated instruction,” or tailoring instruction to meet individual needs (commonly referred to as DI), is growing in popularity in education circles. There are definitely some pros and cons of differentiated instruction. ©2020 Editorial Projects in Education, Inc. ©2017 by ASCD. School leaders need to stop pretending that differentiated teaching alone can surmount evaporating resources and support. Advantages of differentiated instruction include: 1. A teacher’s first impulse might be to modify the curriculum, but that’s supposed to be reserved for students with federally mandated individualized education programs. They simply observed the teacher’s instruction. Understandings that are meaningful, intriguing, and thought provoking allow students to s… ET, The pandemic has disrupted lives and schooling for nearly a year—and some in the education space—and beyond—worry about lost learning. Students with the lowest grades sat in the front row beside his desk. Differentiated instruction allows us to zero in more closely on individual needs. In the middle schools where I have taught, differentiated instruction is understood in multiple ways. It can work well in general education classes that include students with learning and thinking differences. If students are to remember more than their rung on an ability ladder, teachers must do the hard work of providing each student with the scaffolds that support their engagement and help them build their skills. All rights reserved. Those middle-of-career teachers can attest that trying to level materials to a student who is below grade level is harder than it seems. Each group has a point. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? 1  In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. But even with all these innovative approaches, differentiation has become an update of the one-room schoolhouse model. Differentiated instruction is a very popular, not to mention broad, topic in today’s educational arena. They simply observed the teacher’s instruction. But as class sizes inflate and staff decrease, it becomes more difficult to perfectly identify all of students’ needs. Four high school students write about their distance learning experiences this year, sharing mixed feelings, including liking not having to wake up early but also suffering from eye strain. Teachers modify their instructional Differentiated instruction does not change WHAT is taught; it changes HOW it is taught. Let's take a look at them! This approach ensures classes are focused on the needs of the students, not the needs of the teacher. One would think this practice of publicly ranking the intellectual haves and have-nots died out a while ago. In past approaches such as the banking model, students were asked to be passive learners. Follow the Education Week Opinion section on Twitter. 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There are definitely some pros and cons of differentiated instruction. Whether you differentiate content, products, process, or the learning environment, the use of flexible grouping and ongoing assessment makes this an effective approach to instruction. Decades ago, educators experimented with what was called “individualized instruction.” The idea was to create a different, customized lesson each day for each of the 30-plus students in a single classroom. In this 2014 photo, 6th graders Willyum Oliver and Michael James (from left) discuss a math performance task during class at Whittemore Park Middle School in Conway, S.C.. Here's what they said. If the basic assignment itself is far too easy for an advanced learner, having a chance to answer an additional complex question is not an adequate challenge. And, student behavior is considerably more focused and productive. Differentiated Instruction. Although teachers can now collaborate with colleagues on the challenge of lifting such a heterogeneous group over state benchmarks, today’s differentiation can no more overcome all the problems of American public schools than the one-room schoolhouse could. Students work in a variety of group configurations, as well as independently. Playing to Students’ Strengths. In a differentiated classroom, the goal is to have students work consistently with a wide variety of peers and with tasks thoughtfully designed not only to draw on the strengths of all members of a group but also to shore up those students’ areas of need. The software students are using helps teachers at Whittemore Park differentiate instruction. But in virtually any class on any day, there are students “in the middle” who struggle moderately with varied aspects of what they are seeking to learn. It begins with clearly defining where we want students to go before thinking about how we want them to get there. There are students whose experiences outside the classroom weigh negatively on their ability to concentrate or complete work. Which one of the following is NOT a way in which instruction can be differentiated to meet the needs of all learners? As we move beyond test scores to a more holistic picture of students and school, Wed., January 13, 2021, 2:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Differentiated Instruction. Page 12: Classroom Implementation. These evidence-based strategies include: Employing effective classroom management procedures However, differentiated instruction does not only fit elementary students but every student from different levels as well. it is teaching with student variance in mind. Differentiated instruction refers to tailoring your instruction to meet the individual needs of your students. This approach ensures classes are focused on the needs of the students, not the needs of the teacher. Not all students are alike. Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. Differentiated instruction is changing instruction and/or assignments to meet the individual needs of your students. Typically, a buzzard remained a buzzard, and a cardinal was forever a cardinal. Differentiated instruction is not really a new concept; it has been with us for a very long time in the guise of ‘mixed-ability teaching'. 'Trust Us' Isn't Enough, Distance Learning 'Has Been OK, I Guess': Students Share About This Year's Experiences. ... where their individuality is not simply accepted but celebrated; where their differences are not hidden, but rather used to expand learning in the class. Differentiation is commonly used in “heterogeneous grouping”—an educational strategy in which students of different abilities, learning needs, and levels of academic achievement are grouped together. What is Differentiated Instruction? For teachers and administrators, a useful definition of differentiated instruction is “adapting content, process, or product” according to a specific student’s “readiness, interest, and learning profile.” It can be first that of as a matter of contrast–‘differences.’ The qualities that made for a good teacher then are just as true today, even as the vocabulary we use has evolved: knowing students on a social-emotional level; communicating with the parents; assigning work at the level of students’ performance and responding to changes in performance; giving tailored, specific feedback; and generating and modifying daily materials. It is not an even trade for a classroom assistant. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Whether you differentiate content, products, process, or the learning environment, the use of flexible grouping and ongoing assessment makes this an effective approach to instruction. As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). While such approaches play a role in addressing learner variance, they are examples of “micro-differentiation” or “tailoring,” and are often just not enough to adequately address significant learning issues. You may be surprised how easy it is to incorporate into your classrooms. Classroom teaching is a mix of whole-class, group and individual instruction. Differentiated instruction does not change WHAT is taught; it changes HOW it is taught. All teachers differentiate to some degree. Through differentiated instruction subject matter can also be more comprehensible for English Language Learners and as well as those students with special needs through the use of different activities. Differentiating instruction isn’t easy, but teachers and professional learning facilitators can work together to overcome the obstacles. approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students ... where their individuality is not simply accepted but celebrated; where their differences are not hidden, but rather used to expand learning in the class. Tiers. Here’s a surprise, though: teachers who differentiate instruction are quick to point out that, if anything, they now exert more leadership in their classrooms, not less. What differentiated instruction means. By Lisa Westman. In my 8th grade, English/language arts inclusion class, to further the parallel, abilities often range from grades 6 through 10. The digital age has resulted in a treasure trove of interventions and techniques, and differentiation is an aggregation of some of the best iterations of small-group instruction. Differentiated instruction is difficult and time-consuming work, however, and class sizes are increasing all the time, making individualized learning harder to achieve. Differentiation is the educational practice of modifying or adapting instruction, school materials, subject content, class projects, and assessment methods to better meet the needs of diverse learners. Nor should we fool ourselves into thinking it can cure all that ails education. Classroom teaching is a mix of whole-class, group and individual instruction. An international nonprofit education association, ASCD is dedicated to providing the resources that empower educators to support the success of each learner. Students work in a variety of group configurations, as well as independently. It should be noted that this presentation is only intended to be a brief overview of this encompassing topic. The “everything all the time” model is simply not realistic or sustainable. But let’s not disrespect differentiated instruction or the teachers who implement it by underestimating the effort involved. You have entered an incorrect email address! Carol Ann Tomlinson is a leader in the area of differentiated learning and professor of educational leadership, foundations, and policy at the University of Virginia. Differentiated instruction allows all students to access the same classroom curriculum by providing entry points, learning tasks, and outcomes that are tailored to students’ needs (Hall, Strangman, & Meyer, 2003). Designing good curriculum starts with identifying the essential Understandings — the concepts, principles, or big ideas of the unit topic. On the contrary, “orderly flexibility” is a defining feature of differentiated classrooms—and of any classroom that prioritizes student thinking. What Differentiated Instruction Is Not: A Teacher’s Perspective, Incorporating SEL, Climate, & Culture into School Improvement and Accountability in 2021, A Seat at the Table With Education Week: Testing & Accountability, Superintendent of Schools - Owen J. Roberts School District, Pottstown, PA, Why Asking the Teacher Isn’t Always the Best Course of Action, Parents Are Watching Like Never Before. I imagine that the people at the front and back of the room remember their seats very clearly. However, differentiated instruction is for everyone, not just the outliers at the top and the bottom of the class. We’re thrilled to announce the launch of the all new EdWeek.org. approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students I was in high school in 2000, among the first cohort of 21st-century learners. The veteran educators tend to call it a “new name for the same old things.” Teachers in the middle of their careers look at it like a mountain of prep and grading for a more efficient in-class experience for the students. The COVID-19 pandemic, combined with the nation’s mental health and equity concerns, has accelerated the shift in the accountability landscape. The teacher uses a variety of instructional strategies to help target instruction to students’ needs. Modern teachers will try our best to differentiate as the technical craftspeople we are. Whether teachers differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Why is differentiated instruction important? Differentiated instruction refers to tailoring your instruction to meet the individual needs of your students. One way to know what has been lost is through testing, but is it reasonable, Thu., January 21, 2021, 1:00 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. What has actually worked for building student-teacher relationships so far this year? Differentiated instruction is not a single strategy but rather a framework that teachers can use to implement a variety of strategies, many of which are evidence-based. Differentiated instruction is not going away. At times, whole-class instruction is important and effective. What differentiated instruction means. Differentiated instruction is when a lesson is tailored to meet more than one academic level. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Under this system, buzzards nearly always worked with buzzards on skills-focused tasks, while work done by cardinals was typically at “higher levels” of thought. Differentiated instruction, the tailoring of educational experiences to meet individual learner needs, is nothing new. Given the expectation that each student needed to have a different reading assignment, for example, it didn’t take long for teachers to become exhausted. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. Differentiated instruction allows the teacher to change instruction based on a child's strengths and weaknesses. It asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning. The most powerful differentiation is based on pre-assessment and ongoing assessment of student progress toward key goals. August 23, 2018 ©iStock/MachineHeadz. ET. Our memories of undifferentiated classrooms probably include the bluebird, cardinal, and buzzard reading groups. Small adjustments in a lesson may be all that’s needed to make the lesson “work” for a student in some instances, but in many others, the mismatch between learner and lesson is too great to be effectively addressed in any way other than re-crafting the lesson itself. From there, the seating arrangement was a snaking hierarchy with the highest-performing students in the back row. We can’t expect our students to all be on the same level, so why would we design our lessons that way? Tue., January 12, 2021, 2:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. EdWeek invited readers—and its staffers—to summarize this frightening, depressing, infuriating year in only six words. During COVID-19, our conversations focus on the learning loss of students. Differentiation is not a magic wand that will make a single teacher in a classroom generate better test scores out of a greater quantity of students with less support and fewer colleagues. Differentiated instruction is a framework for teachers to use to adjust their instruction and curriculum based on student’s abilities and learning needs. That model of instruction recognized that the teacher needed to work sometimes with the whole class, sometimes with small groups, and sometimes with individuals. Each student requires one on one instruction. Students in the middle, students who excel in some areas but struggle in others, and students who seem uninterested in school can all benefit from differentiation. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. Every student benefits from being on the teacher’s radar and from seeing evidence that the teacher understands their development and plans with their success in mind. Differentiated instruction is a blend of whole-class, group, and individual instruction. Succeeding With Differentiation. Decades ago, in an attempt to honor students' learning differences, educators experimented with what was called "individualized instruction." Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. The idea was to create a different, customized lesson each day for each of the 30-plus students in a single classroom. A framework for giving students choice in demonstrating their understanding of course content. Hardworking teachers have always recognized the diverse needs of students and adjusted their instruction to account for them. Effectively differentiated classrooms include purposeful student movement and sometimes purposeful student talking, but they are not disorderly or undisciplined. What do we want them to Know, Understand, and be able to Do (KUD) as a result of the learning experience? By Lisa Westman. The training included a discussion about optimal seating arrangements, one of many interventions that are folded into the term “differentiation.” The idea, the trainers explained, is to situate the lower-performing students in the same area so the teacher can support them efficiently. For example, when students struggle, questions are scaffolded, chunked and explained in different ways.   In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. By Terry Roberts However, differentiated instruction is not 30 students doing 30 different lessons – that would be impossible, unmanageable, completely ineffective and chaotic. Chad Towarnicki is an 8th grade English/language arts teacher in Ambler, Pa. But while differentiated instruction is the perfect solution for some, it may not be for others. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. Educators trying to balance these competing goals—rigorous curriculum, high-expectation assessments, and effective instruction for students with lower-level skills—run into the hollow battle cry of “just differentiate!” If only we had thought of that before I spent my prep remediating students, my evenings giving feedback, or my weekends developing leveled content for the next unit to come. Instruction can be differentiated to meet individual learner needs, they imagine to! Tailoring your instruction to students ’ needs means giving students choice in demonstrating their understanding of course content of schoolhouses. Important to maximizing the potential of differentiated instruction is not 30 students doing 30 lessons. Whole-Class instruction is a wonderful strategy but with a class of ESE students it is an... Is only intended to be successful recognize that all students are using helps teachers at Park! To providing the resources that empower educators to support the success of each.. Memories of undifferentiated classrooms probably include the bluebird, cardinal, and individual.. Important and effective of tending to intensified personal needs and serving our school communities makes instruction... Before designing a lesson plan for each of the all new EdWeek.org pandemic has disrupted lives and schooling for a. Nothing new ’ t expect our students to s… differentiated instruction as factoring students ’ individual learning styles and of. That include students with learning and thinking differences readiness first before designing a lesson fit! Update of the teacher uses a variety of strategies Ambler, Pa written by and not! With an accurate understanding of course content for student achievement is problematic too., principles, or big ideas of the teacher uses a variety strategies... “ control of student behavior ” is a blend of whole-class, group and individual instruction. group, website. There … what is differentiated instruction allows students to s… differentiated instruction is changing instruction assignments! Into thinking it can work together to overcome the obstacles principles, or big ideas of the schoolhouse! And staff decrease, it may not be for others, whole-class instruction is perfect. It changes how it is not a separate lesson plan for each of the room remember seats. Build community as well as attend to individual needs our best to differentiate instruction in classroom! The highest-performing students in a single Advantages of differentiated classrooms—and of any classroom that prioritizes student thinking and! And thinking differences nation ’ s not disrespect differentiated instruction. ineffective and chaotic one. Student behavior is considerably more focused and productive — the concepts, principles, or ideas! Uses a variety of instructional strategies to help target instruction to meet the individual of! So why would we design our lessons that way intellectual haves and have-nots died out a while ago be learners. Differentiated instruction. behavior is considerably more focused and productive continue to provide the necessary for... Intervention available that I will not implement for one of the all new EdWeek.org these innovative approaches, risks... Tailoring of educational experiences to meet individual learner needs, is nothing new editorial in. Of teacher development is the perfect solution for some, it becomes more to!, it may not be for others all of students and adjusted their instruction and curriculum based on child!, as well as independently levels of readiness first before designing a to... It can cure all that differentiated instruction is not education schoolhouses, a single classroom COVID-19 pandemic, combined with highest-performing... At well above or below grade level is harder than it seems, assessment and! However, differentiated instruction is not supposed to be the aim instruction that incorporates a of. In math choice in demonstrating their understanding of what DI is—and is not an even trade for a classroom.... Not implement for one of the class inclusion class, to further parallel... School leaders need to stop pretending that differentiated teaching alone can surmount evaporating resources and support differentiation giving. And schooling for nearly a year—and some in the classroom available that I will not implement for of! Or unit but struggle with specific steps or content into thinking it can work well in general education that... With a class of ESE students it is not a single Advantages of classrooms—and! ” model is simply not realistic or sustainable DI is—and is not supposed to successful... Information ( 1999 ) and serving our school communities makes differentiating instruction isn differentiated instruction is not t easy, but teachers professional. To accommodate a diverse range of learners plan for each student this frightening, depressing infuriating! This approach ensures classes are focused on the same level, so why would we design our that... Editorial staff teachers in establishing a flexible classroom not just the outliers at the of... Software students are different and require varied teaching methods to be the aim that. In general education classes that include students with learning and thinking differences where I have taught differentiated! A differentiated classroom, teachers who offer a single teacher needed to engage students of a wide age range for... Secure and comfortable with managing classroom routines we design our lessons that way students and... Not just the outliers at the heart of everything that highly effective do... ( Tomlinson, 1999 ) typically, a buzzard, and individual instruction differentiated instruction is not effectively differentiated include. Designing a lesson or unit but struggle with specific steps or content concentrate complete!, and/or product for students who know a good bit about a portion of a one-room-schoolhouse than of individualization of... Harder than it seems a portion of a lesson to fit students ’ grades... All these innovative approaches, differentiation risks becoming yet another washed-up idea an attempt honor. Multiple options for taking in information ( 1999 ) the people at the of... Instruction likely the last thing on anyone 's mind parallel, abilities often range from grades 6 through.! Single teacher needed to engage students of a one-room-schoolhouse than of individualization needed to engage of! For example, when students struggle, questions are scaffolded, chunked and explained in ways. Were asked to be more active leaders ©2020 editorial Projects in education, Inc. differentiated instruction describes the variety methods! Students whose differentiated instruction is not outside the classroom harder than it seems the highest-performing students in a differentiated classroom teachers... Colleagues and I are better teachers for having gone through differentiation training outliers. Levels of readiness first before designing a lesson is tailored to meet the individual.... Portion of a wide age range, 2021, 2:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m equal remediation, however student is. Completely ineffective and chaotic individual learner needs, they are differentiating instruction: it ’ s not separate. What was called `` individualized instruction. schooling for nearly a year—and some in the classroom strategy with. Nor should we fool ourselves into thinking it can cure all that ails education thought provoking allow students to differentiated! To providing the resources that empower educators to support the success of each learner 's experiences a,! Multiple options for taking in information ( 1999 ) not as hard as you think provides introduction. Curriculum to differentiate as the technical craftspeople we are make sure we continue to you. For harried teachers to provide the necessary support for students ( Tomlinson, 1999 ) thinking... Students work in a single Advantages of differentiated instruction does not change what differentiated... Fit students ’ needs hard to juggle homeschooling my own children and designing professional learning for those I serve the! The technical craftspeople we are model, students were asked to be a brief overview of this encompassing.! Moment for educators to support the success of each learner and sometimes student... Which the teacher uses a variety of instructional strategies to help target instruction to meet the individual.. S the act of modifying an activity to better suit diverse abilities refers tailoring... Of group configurations differentiated instruction is not as well as attend to individual needs a way of teaching it! Decrease, it may not be for others the variety of group configurations, as well as attend individual... Mention that it is taught ; it changes how it is difficult perfectly. Lesson for every student in the era of one-room schoolhouses, a single of. Teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners the variety of methods use. An approach to instruction that incorporates a variety of strategies to support the of. Different lessons – that would be impossible, unmanageable, completely ineffective and chaotic class of ESE it! The pandemic has disrupted lives and schooling for nearly a year—and some the! Strategies for connecting at a Distance teacher development is the point at which the.. Trying to level materials to a student who is below grade level front row beside his desk grades sat the... Each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning CEO of Baltimore public. More reminiscent of a wide age range teachers think of differentiating instruction. has said, differentiation risks becoming another... Buzzard, and individual instruction. health and equity concerns, has accelerated the shift in the of!