1. Its tone is light and it mostly has a happy ending. This is an early classical style, and a very courtly style. The main characteristics of Classical Music Lighter, cleaner texture than Baroque, less complicated; mainly homophonic – melody above chordal accompaniment (but counterpoint by no means forgotten). The Western dramatic tradition has its origins in ancient Greece. Classical poetry brings to mind poets of the past such as Robert Browning, Lord Byron, Emily Dickinson and John Donne. Interestingly, such preferences may also depend on th… The tragic hero's powerful wish to achieve some goal inevitably Bach and J.C. Bach were themain composers who made use of this style. 2. The drama uses the eight basic emotions of love, joy, anger, sadness, pride, fear, aversion, and wonder attempting to resolve them in the ninth holistic feeling of peace. C.P.E. Classical literature, the literature of ancient Greece and Rome (see Greek literature; Latin literature).The term, usually spelled “classical,” is also used for the literature of any language in a period notable for the excellence and enduring quality of its writers’ works. Poems considered to be classic include Jerusalem by William Blake and A Red, Red Rose by Robert Burns. ..... Click the link for more information. During the Restoration Age, they re-opened with new types of plays and performances which were different than the before.The theatres which were indoor were much smaller than the Elizabethan theatres. • Political Economy: Two forces —Two of the three most important forces in human life ----politics and economics - • - that are inextricably linked The poetic genrecan be divided into two: Epic poetry(used to narrate epics and tales of wars or heroic adventures) Lyric poetry(used for singing and dancing. The driving force behind the play is the exploration of some social problem, like alcoholism or prostitution ; the characters are used as examples of the general problem. … Classical than Opera seria; began as a type of “intermezzo” (an entertainment in between the acts of an Opera seria); characters were typically contemporary and often depicted the lower classes or a mixture of lower and upper classes (with the 3. A tragedy can be defined simply as a play that has a sad and depressing ending. Restoration Drama Characteristics - Restoration Tragedy and Restoration Comedy - Theatres were closed during the Puritan Age. Although both classical and modern tragedies have a tragic ending, there are several differences between them. The protagonist may be brought low by a character flaw or, as Hegel stated, caught in a "collision of equally justified ethical aims. The Restoration period has given us some of the most important religious literature in the English language. The main difference between classical and modern tragedy is that classical tragedies have a unified plot with one royal or noble protagonist whereas modern tragedies feature ordinary people with realistic problems. Elizabeth Davis-Westwood High School 124 ARISTOTLE & THE ELEMENTS OF TRAGEDY Definition: Tragedy depicts the downfall of a noble hero or heroine, usually through some combination of hubris, fate, and the will of the gods. Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play, opera, mime, ballet, etc., performed in a theatre, or on radio or television. Defining Characteristics of Theatre During the Classical Era. An emphasis on grace and beauty of melody and form, … Aristotle (384-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher whose writings still influence us … Many of the characteristics of the Baroque did, however, begin to decline in favour of a fresh perspective on music and all arts. As the characteristics of classical drama evolved, actors were added separately, although the large chorus remained. Comedy is a type of drama that aims to make the audience laugh. The tragic hero may have archetypal elements, or … The dramati… What is Drama? Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre, such as acting,scenery, and costumes and sometimes includes dance. pronounced.” Diction, however, is more than that: it is a style of speaking. This is the origination of the word thespians. Exposition: “The first stage of a … Characteristics of Classical Music. - A drama is a story enacted on stage for a live audience. Early sample of drama can be traced back to Greece, with happy endings (Comedy), and unhappy endings (Tragedy) Aristotle placed Tragedy as a form of art above comedy. Melodramas are musical dramas that feature serious circumstances with happy endings. The elements of drama, by which dramatic works can be analyzed and evaluated, can be categorized into three major areas: Literary elements Technical elements Performance elements The Elements of Drama. Unlike trag… , comedycomedy, literary work that aims primarily to provoke laughter. Among the most outstanding characteristics of Greek literaturewe can mention the following: 1. According to Aristotle, drama is originated from instinct of imitation. While medieval drama had a strong religious flavor, Elizabethan drama was to a great degree secular. Drama as a literary genre The number of characters, which in the past were called Drámatis Personae, may vary but always includes: • a hero, the protagonist of the play who is not necessarily “heroic”, noble and brave; • a heroine, the play’s main female character; • an antagonist, who is the hero’s main opponent, usually the play’s villain. Considered as a genre of poetry in general, the dramatic mode has been contrasted with the epic and the lyrical modes ever since Aristotle's Poetics (c. 335 BC)—the earliest work of dramatic theory.. John Milton's Paradise Lost—which tells the epic tale of the banishment of man from the Garden of Eden—was published during this period (though Milton himself was a bit of an outsider to the Restoration literary scene, because he identified as a Puritan). Drama existed throughout the history of time. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble. Characteristics of Neoclassical art included a more clean style, sculpted forms, a shallow depth of background and a more realistic approach. Neo classical art focused more on what was real, rather than idea's like religion that art had revolved around for decades before. The poet Thespis, in 534 B.C., was the first known playwright to perform as a character and was dubbed the first actor. The Problem Play or Drama of Ideas The problem play or play of ideas usually has a tragic ending. Each type of comedy has its own audience. Ms. Abeer Barakat Islamic University of Gaza Class 1.4_1.5 18-25/02/2017 2. It is made up of four stages: archaic, classical, Hellenistic and Greco-Roman. This article explores, … Comedy could be further divided into subcategories, for example, dramatic irony, farce, sarcasm, black comedy, etc. Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting. Drama pdf 1. A fourth category of play called mixed form combines elements from drama and comedy to create an experience in between the classic forms. The final scene and exit of the characters and chorus in a classical Greek play. It originates in Greece 300 years before Christ. — F. SCOTT FITZGERALD “The world,” wrote Horace Walpole in 1770, “is a comedy to those that think, a tragedy to those that feel.” All of us, of course, both think and feel, and all of us have Modes of Drama:Tragedy and Comedy Show me a hero and I will write you a tragedy. All communities accept that their later drama has roots in pre-history. Such tradition came from the Ancient Greek theatre, where comedy first emerged as a form of drama. A story enacted on stage for a live audience. From the dawn of primitive people to the 21 st century, drama was a way for people to communicate, share stories, and express their innermost emotions to the audience. This could be popular or cultured). Opera is part of the Western classical music tra… text analysis: classical drama Keep these characteristics of classical drama in mind as you read Sophocles’ Antigone: • A major form of classical drama is the tragedy, which recounts the downfall of a dignified, superior character—a tragic hero. 1.2.2 The Origins of Drama: The word drama comes from the Greek meaning “to act, do or perform”, and it is in the several subtle and diverse meanings of “to perform” that drama can be said to have begun. The precise evolution of its main divisions—tragedytragedy, form of drama that depicts the suffering of a heroic individual who is often overcome by the very obstacles he is struggling to remove. It was meant to pleasethe listener, as opposed to making the listener think. Heroic drama is a mixed form that features heroic characters in extreme situations that result in happy endings. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Interestingly enough, teaching drama “did not come on the scene until the early 20 th century” (Cornett, 2011, p. 201). The music of the Baroque came directly before the Classical period and many of its features flowed naturally into the newly emerging Classical period.