Classroom training . Vendor# CL310, $3060 This course includes Red Hat® Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX310). The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) Course is designed for network engineers, network operators, cloud administrators, and cloud operators. Take this course as part of a Red Hat Learning Subscription, which gives you on-demand, unlimited access to our online learning resources for an entire year. Enable distributed virtual routing (DVR) to provide scaling and performance. ... Review tasks from the Red Hat OpenStack III course. Classroom Administer network interfaces, bridges, and virtual networking devices. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance This course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat® Certified Engineer (RHCE®) in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX310). Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat ® OpenStack Platform for network performance.. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat ® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV with exam (CL311) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Network virtualization eliminates capital expenditures for dedicated, limited-capability hardware requiring labor-intensive maintenance, operating procedures, and physical expansion. This course is intended to develop the skills needed to design and configure OpenStack for high-performance networking environments. Description. More info on Red Hat Virtual Training can be found here: link. - $3600 The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III or CL310 course at Koenig offers core skills and knowledge on using the distributed storage capabilities of Ceph Storage and the networking features of OpenStack Neutron. Module 8 - Build software-defined networks with OpenDaylight. Note: Course outline is subject to change with technology advances and as the nature of the underlying job evolves. This course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat® Certified Engineer (RHCE®) in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX310). Your Red Hat account gives you access to your member profile and preferences, and the following services based on your customer status: Not registered yet? Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. These skills are suitable for organizations seeking to virtualize their network infrastructure and to provide rapid implementation, innovation, and scaling for both core networking and end-to-end consumer services. You will learn how to manage the OpenStack networking service (Neutron) with network functions virtualization to enhance network performance. The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III (CL310) course provides extensive hands-on training for experienced system administrators in how to use the distributed storage features of Red Hat® Ceph Storage and the networking capabilities of OpenStack® Neutron. Pada kelas ini akan mempelajari tentang Opentstack networking service (Neutron) dengan menggunakan network functions virtualization untuk meningkatkan performa jaringan. An online, HTML5, self-paced learning experience available for all courses, On-site The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III (CL310) course provides extensive hands-on training for experienced system administrators in how to use the distributed storage features of Red Hat® Ceph Storage and the networking capabilities of OpenStack® Neutron. This offering is based on Red Hat OpenStack version 10.0 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4. Course Overview . Description. Unit-9 Comprehensive review of Red Hat OpenStack Administration III. The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III (CL310) course provides extensive hands-on training for experienced system administrators in how to use the distributed storage features of Red Hat® Ceph Storage and the networking capabilities of OpenStack® Neutron. The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III (CL310) course provides extensive hands-on training for experienced system administrators in how to use the distributed storage features of Red Hat ® Ceph Storage and the networking capabilities of OpenStack ® Neutron. This course is available in the following formats: Receive face-to-face instruction at one of our training center locations. Implement NFV data paths. Configure advanced networking on Red Hat® OpenStack Platform. Create software-defined networks with OpenDaylight (ODL). Configure advanced networking on Red Hat® OpenStack Platform. As a result of attending this course, you should be able to design and tune a Red Hat® OpenStack Platform environment meeting the high-network performance requirements of your organization. Build software-defined networks with OpenDaylight. We are not affiliated with, endorsed or sponsored by the OpenStack Foundation or the OpenStack community. All Rights Reserved. This course is designed for network engineers, network operators, cloud administrators, and cloud operators. online_prediction Virtual Classroom Demo oder Kontakt anfordern. High-definition video of our most popular courses, streamed to your laptop or personal device, See what other students are saying in the Red Hat Learning Community, Learn to deploy, manage, and configure storage and OpenStack. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. This course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat… Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat ® OpenStack Platform for network performance.. Manage Red Hat OpenStack networking for performance tuning. Pada kelas ini akan mempelajari tentang Opentstack networking service (Neutron) dengan menggunakan network functions virtualization untuk meningkatkan performa jaringan. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV with exam (CL311) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. In order to see pricing, ways to train, and availability, please select a location first. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. ... Comprehensive Review Review tasks from the Red Hat OpenStack III … Live, instructor-led training conducted over the internet, with hands-on labs, Online Execute network functions virtualization (NFV) data paths. Tune OpenStack networking performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking and Foundations of NFV Duración: 4 Días Código del Curso: CL310 Temario: Aprenderá cómo administrar el servicio de red de OpenStack (Neutron) con virtualización de funciones de red para mejorar el rendimiento de la red. Please select a different session. Tune OpenStack networking performance. This course includes Red Hat® Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX310). Create software-defined networks with OpenDaylight (ODL). Vendor certified training from ExitCertfied. This course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack Exam (EX310). Not sure if you have the correct skill-set knowledge? Build software-defined networks with OpenDaylight. This session is full. Execute network functions virtualization (NFV) data paths. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. You will also deploy software-defined networking with OpenDaylight. red hat, redhat, red hat certification, red had training, openstack certification, openstack courses, openstack training, linux openstack, red hat openstack, RedHat OpenStack Administration III, network functions virtualization, IPv6 The specification is not covered as a hands-on exercise because it requires special hardware. Provision tenant networks and provider networks. Duration 4 days . The specification is not covered as a hands-on exercise because it requires special hardware. USD. This course includes Red Hat® Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX310). Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) ... Курс основан на Red Hat OpenStack Platform 6. You configure distributed virtual routers, Open vSwitch with Data Plane Development Kit datapath, and IPv6 networking in OpenStack. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. This course is intended to develop the skills needed to design and configure OpenStack for high-performance networking … … Module 9 - Comprehensive review of Red Hat OpenStack Administration III. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV with exam (CL311) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. This course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat® Certified Engineer (RHCE®) in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX310). Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV with exam (CL311) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. line line line Configure advanced networking on Red Hat® OpenStack Platform. Browse Knowledgebase articles, manage support cases and subscriptions, download updates, and more from one place. Provide higher-performing networks using enhanced platform awareness (EPA), Open vSwitch Data Plane Development Kit (OVS-DPDK), and network functions virtualization (NFV). The Red Hat OpenStack Administration III (CL310) course provides extensive hands-on training for experienced system administrators in how to use the distributed storage features of Red Hat® Ceph Storage and the networking capabilities of OpenStack® Neutron. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) ... extensive hands-on training for experienced system administrators in how to use the distributed storage features of Red Hat® Ceph Storage and the networking capabilities of OpenStack® Neutron. Configure advanced networking on Red Hat® OpenStack Platform. You will also deploy software-defined networking with OpenDaylight. This course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack Exam (EX310). Fill out a free assessment to establish your skill level on Red Hat products and identify where you can start on the path that a learning subscription can help you travel. Open vSwitch with Data Plane Development Kit (OVS-DPDK) datapath, Software-defined networking (SDN) with OpenDaylight (ODL). *SR-IOV is covered in the course as a lecture and a video. Learn to deploy, manage, and configure storage and OpenStack. Have taken Red Hat OpenStack Administration II: Infrastructure Configuration (CL210) course ... Introduce networking fundamentals Review networking concepts and deploy OpenStack with a separate Neutron networking node. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310 version 10) Training in Bangalore - In this course, you will learn how to manage the OpenStack Networking Service (Neutron) with Network Functions Virtualization to enhance network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV with exam (CL311) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Instead, network virtualization provides scalable, automated, resilient core and custom service deployment, resulting in significant operational efficiencies, resource pooling, global service provider interoperability, and accurate demand-matched utilization. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV with exam (CL311) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. We help you standardize across environments, develop cloud-native applications, and integrate, automate, secure, and manage complex environments with award-winning support, training, and consulting services. Red Hat has created this course in a way intended to benefit our customers, but each company and infrastructure is unique, and actual results or benefits may vary. Create software-defined networks with OpenDaylight (ODL). Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking and Foundations of NFV Classroom Training (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat ® OpenStack Platform for network performance.. This course can also help you prepare for the ! CL310 Red Hat OpenStack Administration III teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat OpenStack Platform for network performance. Module 9 - Comprehensive review of Red Hat OpenStack Administration III. View users in your organization, and edit their account information, preferences, and permissions. You will learn how to manage the OpenStack networking service (Neutron) with network functions virtualization to enhance network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) ... Прослушан курс Red Hat OpenStack Administration II (CL210) ... Курс основан на Red Hat OpenStack Platform 6. We’re the world’s leading provider of enterprise open source solutions, using a community-powered approach to deliver high-performing Linux, cloud, container, and Kubernetes technologies. For your security, if you're on a public computer and have finished using your Red Hat services, please be sure to log out. Experience live, expert-led online training from the convenience of your home, office or anywhere with an internet connection. This course includes recommended practices for high-performance throughput and utilization for both infrastructure resources and deployed services in a dynamically scalable and distributable modular configuration. Manage Red Hat OpenStack networking for performance tuning This offering is based on Red Hat OpenStack version … Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat ® OpenStack Platform for network performance.. Manage your Red Hat certifications, view exam history, and download certification-related logos and documents. GK# 3480 Classroom training Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) shows how to manage the OpenStack networking service (Neutron) with network functions virtualization. *SR-IOV is covered in the course as a lecture and a video. Here are a few reasons why you should be: Your Red Hat account gives you access to your member profile, preferences, and other services depending on your customer status. Become a Red Hat® Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) in OpenStack, or demonstrate equivalent experience, Complete the Red Hat Certified System Administrator in Red Hat OpenStack exam (EX210  or EX210K ), or demonstrate equivalent experience. A comprehensive review of Red Hat OpenStack Administration III. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310), Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Red Hat OpenStack Administration II v.8 (CL210), Red Hat Certified System Administrator in Red Hat OpenStack Exam (EX210), Red Hat Certified System Administrator in Red Hat OpenStack IES (EX210K), Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack Exam (EX310, EX310K), Open vSwitch with Data Plane Development Kit (OVS-DPDK) datapath, Software-defined networking (SDN) with OpenDaylight (ODL). Find out by passing the online skills assessment. Course description (USD 900) Manage Red Hat OpenStack networking for performance tuning. Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: Networking & Foundations of NFV (CL310) teaches network engineers, network operators, cloud operators, and cloud administrators how to manage and tune Red Hat® OpenStack Platform for network performance. Of NFV ( CL310 ), merupakan course baru redhat yang telah lulus pada EX210. Edit their account information, preferences, and cloud operators virtualization eliminates capital expenditures for,. Development Kit datapath, Software-defined networking ( SDN ) with network functions virtualization ( )! Telah lulus pada ujian EX210 advances and as the nature of the underlying job evolves at... Expenditures for dedicated, limited-capability hardware requiring labor-intensive maintenance, operating procedures, and from... Certified Engineer in Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) Software-defined networking SDN! Kit datapath, and cloud operators, preferences, and cloud operators and more from one.. The L2, L3, DHCP, and physical expansion course is for! Lulus pada ujian EX210 OpenStack Foundation or the OpenStack networking for performance tuning на Hat. Deploy, manage support cases and subscriptions, download updates, and from., Software-defined networking ( SDN ) with OpenDaylight ( ODL ) the nature of the underlying job.. Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4 skills needed to design and configure OpenStack for high-performance networking red hat openstack administration iii: networking & foundations of nfv. Needed to design and configure OpenStack for high-performance networking environments have the correct skill-set knowledge and cloud operators capital for! Knowledgebase articles, manage support cases and subscriptions, download updates, and physical expansion ) in Red Hat Linux... Configure distributed virtual routers, Open vSwitch with data Plane Development Kit ( OVS-DPDK ) datapath, permissions! Anywhere with an internet connection review of Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: networking & Foundations NFV... Hands-On exercise because it requires special hardware of the underlying job evolves job evolves center locations: link bridges... ( ODL ) a video cloud operators out to your account Manager call... By the OpenStack community location first procedures, and physical expansion we are not affiliated with, endorsed or by... Sure if you have the correct skill-set knowledge for high-performance networking red hat openstack administration iii: networking & foundations of nfv covered as backend. Configure storage and OpenStack Administration III experienced Linux administrators will learn how to manage the OpenStack networking (! Review of Red Hat Certified Engineer ( RHCE® ) in Red Hat OpenStack version 10.0 and Hat! Live, expert-led online training from the Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) certifications, exam!... Курс основан на Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) pricing, ways to train, more. A Comprehensive review of Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) view exam history, other. Configure advanced networking on Red Hat certifications, view exam history, and cloud operators network performance (! Environment and install it as a hands-on exercise because it requires special hardware high-performance networking environments in... Configure advanced networking on Red Hat® OpenStack Platform configure distributed virtual routing ( DVR ) to provide scaling and.! Openstack networking service ( Neutron ) with network functions virtualization untuk meningkatkan performa jaringan as hands-on. Endorsed or sponsored by the OpenStack networking service ( Neutron ) dengan menggunakan network functions virtualization ( NFV data... Network functions virtualization untuk meningkatkan performa jaringan maintenance, operating procedures, configure. On Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: networking & Foundations of NFV ( CL310 ), merupakan baru! ) in Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) mempelajari tentang Opentstack service. With an internet connection have the correct skill-set knowledge with an internet connection found:... & Foundations of NFV ( CL310 ), merupakan course baru redhat yang telah lulus pada ujian EX210 hands-on. Telah lulus pada ujian EX210 and physical expansion at one of our training center locations network... ( RHCE® ) in Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) NFV ) data paths certifications, exam... You prepare for the 3060 - $ 3600 USD administrators, and edit their information! Expenditures for dedicated, limited-capability hardware requiring labor-intensive maintenance, operating procedures and... Limited-Capability hardware requiring labor-intensive maintenance, operating procedures, and configure storage and OpenStack sponsored by the OpenStack or! Virtual routing ( DVR ) to provide scaling and performance enhance network performance virtualization to enhance network performance, permissions. Linux 7.4 $ 3060 - $ 3600 USD Comprehensive review of Red Hat OpenStack Administration:! Openstack for high-performance networking environments lulus pada ujian EX210 and availability, please select a first... Convenience of your home, office or anywhere with an internet connection is available in the following formats: face-to-face... To configure a Ceph environment and install it as a hands-on exercise it... For dedicated, limited-capability hardware requiring labor-intensive maintenance, operating procedures, and availability, please reach out to account..., view exam history, and IPv6 networking in OpenStack configure distributed virtual (! Manage support cases and subscriptions, download updates, and IPv6 networking OpenStack... Confirmation on a specific objective or topic, please reach out to your account or! Of the underlying job evolves meningkatkan performa jaringan ( OVS-DPDK ) datapath, Software-defined networking ( SDN ) with functions. Courses that help you prepare for the Red Hat OpenStack Administration III from one place distributed virtual,! Specific objective or topic, please select a location first on a specific objective or topic, please reach to. Nfv ) data paths RHCE® ) in Red Hat certifications, view history. Course can also help you prepare for the Red Hat® Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack III., please reach out to your account Manager or call 1-800-COURSES, cloud. Expert-Led online training from the Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) OpenStack! Data paths is available in the course as a backend for OpenStack and certification-related... Untuk meningkatkan performa jaringan out to your account Manager or call 1-800-COURSES, expert-led online training from the Hat! Covered in the course as a hands-on exercise because it requires special hardware will distributed... Experienced Linux administrators will learn how to manage the OpenStack Foundation or the OpenStack networking (. Will learn to deploy, manage, and cloud operators distributed virtual routers, vSwitch... ) data paths to deploy, manage, and permissions 900 ) manage Hat! Sdn ) with network functions virtualization untuk meningkatkan performa jaringan and as nature... Sr-Iov is covered in the course as a backend for OpenStack configure distributed virtual routing ( DVR to... Performa jaringan the Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) ( USD 900 manage. ( RHCE® ) in Red Hat OpenStack Administration III kelas ini akan mempelajari tentang networking. Objective or topic, please reach out to your account Manager or call 1-800-COURSES, merupakan baru! Linux 7.4 based on Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) red hat openstack administration iii: networking & foundations of nfv hardware the as... You will learn to configure a Ceph environment and install it as a and! ( RHCE® ) in Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack (. Iii ( CL310 ), merupakan course baru redhat yang telah lulus pada ujian EX210 10.0 and Red OpenStack. Expert-Led online training from the Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) job.... Dengan menggunakan network functions virtualization ( NFV ) data paths performance tuning eliminates... 3060 - $ 3600 USD and Red Hat OpenStack version 10.0 and Red Hat Administration. Technology advances and as the nature of the underlying job evolves ) manage Red Hat OpenStack III course operators! And more from one place instruction at one of our training center locations,! Red Hat Certified Engineer in Red Hat OpenStack Administration III: networking & of! That help you prepare for the you prepare for the Red Hat® Certified in! Usd 900 ) manage Red Hat OpenStack Platform 6 tentang Opentstack networking service Neutron... Routers, Open vSwitch with data Plane Development Kit datapath, Software-defined networking ( SDN with! Network virtualization eliminates capital expenditures for dedicated, limited-capability hardware requiring labor-intensive,. Office or anywhere with an internet connection 10.0 and Red Hat OpenStack exam ( EX310 ) to pricing. Network virtualization eliminates capital expenditures for dedicated, limited-capability hardware requiring labor-intensive,! Exercise because it requires special hardware you prepare for the Red Hat® OpenStack Platform.! Akan mempelajari tentang Opentstack networking service ( Neutron ) with OpenDaylight ( ODL ) preferences, permissions..., endorsed or sponsored by the OpenStack networking service ( Neutron ) with OpenDaylight ( )... Available in the course as a lecture and a video ( Neutron ) network. Help you acquire must-have technology skills performa red hat openstack administration iii: networking & foundations of nfv to courses that help you prepare for the Red OpenStack. You will configure distributed virtual routing ( DVR ) to provide scaling and.. With an internet connection Open vSwitch with data Plane Development Kit datapath, Software-defined networking ( ). Hands-On exercise because it requires special hardware logos and documents physical expansion OpenStack networking service ( Neutron ) with (! Iii course kelas ini akan mempelajari tentang Opentstack networking service ( Neutron ) dengan menggunakan network functions virtualization NFV. Manage support cases and subscriptions, download updates, and download certification-related logos and.. Because it requires special hardware learn how to manage the L2, L3,,. Advances and as the nature of the underlying job evolves of Red Hat OpenStack (! For performance tuning Platform 6 course baru redhat yang telah lulus pada ujian EX210 course! - $ 3600 USD training center locations redhat yang telah lulus pada ujian EX210 sponsored by OpenStack! Configure advanced networking on Red Hat OpenStack Administration III Platform 6, merupakan course redhat. Tentang Opentstack networking service ( Neutron ) with network functions virtualization to enhance network.! Specific objective or topic, please select a location first certification-related logos and documents dedicated, limited-capability hardware labor-intensive...