The modern methods of irrigation are as follows:-(i) Sprinkler System:-Irrigation sprinklers are sprinklers used on farms, golf courses, and yards, to provide water to vegetation and plants in the event of drought. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. Water seeps from these holes drop by drop, hence the name drip irrigation. Gravity irrigation methods are less expensive, but requires more skill and experience to achieve re-scannable efficiency. Join now. Join now. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation Basin irrigation. This supply of water to the crops at regular intervals is known as irrigation. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD  Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. Drip irrigation is the most used irrigation system these days. new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. 3] using good fertilizers like NPK. This method is used in areas where there is more scarcity of water and in high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity. 1. 4. The modern methods of irrigation are as follows:-(i) Sprinkler System:-Irrigation sprinklers are sprinklers used on farms, golf courses, and yards, to provide water to vegetation and plants in the event of drought. TYPES OF MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEM  SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD  DRIP IRRIGATION METHOD  POT IRRIGATION METHOD 7. 1. In this method, water is supplied to the field from source thorough pipes. Modern methods of irrigation. Drip System of Irrigation. modern methods of irrigation. Basins are flooded with water. The roots absorb the water and supply it to the plants. 2] increasing the level of water present inside the ground by immersing rain water. What are the modern methods of irrigation in different states of India? 3] using good fertilizers like NPK. Modern irrigation method Drip irrigation method. Center pivot systems use large mechanical arms mounted on central pivots, creating circular plots of irrigated soil. With the help drip irrigation system, it is easy to provide liquid fertilizer to plant root systems. methods of irrigation in India are,surface irrigationsubsurface irrigation What are the modern method of irrigation used in Pakistan? Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. Size of basins are made according to the inflow of water. These help us use water economically without wastage. Secondly as the irrigation water is taxed when it is supplied to the cultivators, it adds to the revenue. Secondary School. Weeds do not grow because the water reaches directly to the plants and do not spread anywhere on the field. The continuous sprinkling of water improves the physical conditions and composition of the soil. At the nozzle Pressure head is converted to Velocity head. Firstly as bumper crops are produced due to irrigation it makes country self-sufficient in food requirements. It is a kind of surface irrigation. This is an extremely efficient method of irrigation as it reduces water wastage. 3. These days pumps are used for lifting water (from wells,stream,lake,ponds and rivers). Join now. Seeds do not grow in dry soil. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Modern methods of irrigation include center-pivot systems, drip irrigation and sub-irrigation. Problem of waterlogging is not present in this system. Basins are flooded with water. Moat. These conventional methods of irrigation also waste less water and are environment-friendly. In India, There are Four Traditional Methods of Irrigation. What are the modern methods of irrigation in different states of India? Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. 6] GIVING EVERY INDIVIDUAL EFFORT. An ox or cow would turn the wheel to draw the water from the well. These pumps run by electricity,solar energy,diesel and biogas. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. Any loss of water is avoided in the sprinkler system. For our company Invest For Land , we use the latest irrigation methods Suitable for the crop and soil quality, which ensures that our investors get the best results. Moisture is necessary for the germination of seeds. In traditional method,human labour or animals were used for lifting water for irrigation. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. It is an extremely time consuming and labour intensive system, but it is very cost efficient. In this method, rain water stays in basins, hence soil erosion is not caused. Drip irrigation system Or trickle irrigation is one of the latest and modern methods of irrigation.It is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils. 2. This method is more useful in soils having lesser infiltration. Question 2 Describe the sprinkler system of irrigation? Science. THANK YOU 4)Rahat (lever system) Traditional method of irrigation are cheaper but less efficient.Pumps are commonly used for lifting water.These pumps run by electricity,diesel,biogas or solar energy. Join now. Velocity of water Jet 2. are the sources of water for irrigation. … This method of irrigation is gaining popularity in areas with a scarcity of water. the modern methods of irrigation used in punjab are. Modern methods of irrigation. There are several irrigation methods-Sprinkler irrigationDrip IrrigationIrrigation through tubewells and motors etc. Methods like pumping stations, canals, gates, ditches, and a few other systems are used to raise the water table. It does not require any technical knowledge. Nutrient Film Technology is also used mostly for research and/or experimental gardens. Soils that are too shallow, too intense or rolling could be irrigated efficiently with sprinklers. Crops require water at regular interval of time for proper growth and development. There are several irrigation methods-Sprinkler irrigationDrip IrrigationIrrigation through tubewells and motors etc. This irrigation method is one of the most effective for scattering water throughout the areas with a high water table. Drip System of Irrigation. It irrigates more area. As the availability of water is not the same in every area, farmers need to use different methods of irrigation for every region. These plastic pipes have holes in them. 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. Log in. 3)Dhekli. Basins are flooded with water. However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. Drip irrigation involves a piping system designed to deliver … Question 1 What are the various sources of irrigation? Flooding method of irrigation is in use since centuries. Physical condition and composition of soil are maintained. It protects the crops from extreme frost or temperature. This is the most efficient method to irrigate the uneven land. Right from seed germination to the proper growth of the crop, water is needed at all stages. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. Ancient Persia (modern day Iran) used irrigation as far back as the 6th millennium BCE to grow barley in areas with insufficient natural rainfall. Under gravity irrigation, water is distributed by means of open canals and conducts with out pressure. Modern Methods of Irrigation SPRINKLER IRRIGATION DRIP IRRIGATION 7. In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. 3. What are the modern method of irrigation? SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD In present times, it is the simplest and easiest method of irrigation. There are other systems also such as Hydroponics to some extent but not much. The system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is not available. Surface Irrigation Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to irrigate the land. Two different methods of irrigation are- modern methods that include sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation; traditional irrigation that includes manual irrigation where water is pulled out by the farmers themselves from the wells and canals to irrigate the land. It is very useful for sandy soil and uneven land. 6] GIVING EVERY INDIVIDUAL EFFORT. The most common method of watering the crops is drip irrigation. These include surface irrigation, localised, drip, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation. They are … Velocity of water Jet 2. 7. Standard water quality test needed for design and operation of drip irrigation system. 2. Log in. Irrigation maintains moisture in the soil. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. Sprinkler irrigation is required in areas where a change in temperature of earth, environment, and humidity is seen. Area of Land wetted depends on following factors i.e. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. 6.1. Methods of Irrigation. But before going in the details of different methods of irrigation, you should know that what is irrigation. Also, we have published details of some of these irrigation methods. Basins are connected through a ‘Dhora’ (A small drain type flow way), which has raised earthen walls on both sides. Modern Methods Innovative Methods are used like Sprinkler System It has a pump,different perpendicular pipes and nozzle When pump is opened,water sprinkles out from different nozzles It is used for Lawns Coffee Plantation 6. The main methods used are as follows: Sprinkler System: This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. 1. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION Consists of a network of pipes and sprinklers spaced at suitable places. Modern Methods of Irrigation: Modern methods of irrigation help us to use water economically. Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. the modern methods of irrigation used in punjab are. The method is one of the most recent developments in irrigation. 3. Basin irrigation. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. The whole land becomes available for cultivation of crops, whereas in traditional irrigation methods, 15 to 20 per cent land remains vacant in depres­sions and boundaries. Drip irrigation method In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. Water is provided to the fields by spraying water droplets, similar to rain, through pipes. Various traditional ways of irrigation are pulley system, chain pump, dhekli, and Rahat. They are joined to perpendicular pipelines with rotating nozzles. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. These help us use water economically without wastage. 3. These pipes have holes in them.  It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. In modern irrigation practice several flooding methods have been developed. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. Here, we will describe only modern irrigation methods. Water from the tube-wells is allowed to pass through these pipelines under pressure, which escapes from the rotating nozzles and gets sprinkled on the crops. Water is provided to the fields by spraying water droplets, similar to rain, through pipes. 3. Drip irrigation: The drip irrigation is the drop by drop emmision of water at the root zone of crop. Ask your question.  At the nozzle Pressure head is converted to Velocity head. It saves a lot of water, which can be utilized for irrigating more area. Modern irrigation methods are efficient enough to supply the entire field uniformly with water, so that each plant has the amount of water it needs, neither too much nor too little. Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. In the drip irrigation, we lay plastic pipes in rows near the crops or plants. 5 points What are the modern methods of irrigation? Furrow irrigation. When water flows through the pipes, it drips at the place of the roots of the plants. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. Crop… 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. Irrigation is essential for the growth of the roots of the crop plants. It is an easy and simple method of irrigation nowadays. Soil 2. 1)Moat (pulley system) 2)Chain pump. In this present situation, there is shortage of water everywhere. … The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. There are two methods of irrigation, namely, traditional and modern. 1. Water is applied in the root zone of the crop. It is often called flood irrigation when the method results in complete or new complete flooding of the land. There are several modern methods of irrigation which are listed below. Links of those articles are provided herewithin. Sprinkler system and 2.drip system Drip irrigation is one of the most efficient irrigation methods as it reduces water wastage in agriculture. 1. These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. To explore more Modern Methods of Irrigation, please download CoolGyan Learning App. Join now. There are five basic methods of irrigation (flooding, furrow irrigation, trickle, sprinkling, and sub irrigation). Log in. Lakes, rivers, dams, canals, etc. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. You’ll learn all the above mentioned irrigation methods in details here. Basin irrigation. Water reaches directly to the roots of the plants. But before going in the details of different methods of irrigation, you should know that what is irrigation. Aeroponics is also practiced but it is miniscule. Modern ways of irrigation in INDIA. 5. It is a kind of surface irrigation.  Area of Land wetted depends on following factors i.e. The various traditional method of irrigation are. Drip irrigation is highly effective for the conservation of water as it uses the minimum amounts of water. The system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is not available. This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Water is applied in the root zone of the crop. Sprinkler system also provides the best coverage regardless of the size of the farm. Ask your question. Last Updated on June 30, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 2 Comments. It reduces the use of water in agriculture. Numerous subclasses exist within each of these basic methods. It is a kind of surface irrigation. The method is very clear from Fig. It is particularly useful for sandy soils because they absorb water too fast. Also, wastage of water is avoided when using a moat system of irrigation. Soil These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. The perpendicular pipes, having rotating nozzles on top, are joined to the main pipeline at regular intervals. It has lesser economic investment. The modern ways of watering crops are useful for conservation of water and energy. Sprinklar irrigation: sprinklar irrigation is the artificial application of water in the form of rain. The Qanats, developed in ancient Persia about 800 BCE, are among the oldest known irrigation methods still in use today. Fertilizer and insecticide application can be done by the sprinkler system. Irrigation also adds to the wealth of the country in two ways. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION  Consists of a network of pipes and sprinklers spaced at suitable places. judges ‘Efficiency’ 1. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. So Rahat system of irrigation uses animal labour. 8. Sprinklers placed here distribute the water across the fields. Nowadays,tube wells are used for irrigation in agriculture. There are two modern methods of irrigation system 1. Answer :The modern methods of irrigation are :- Sprinkler system :- This system is more useful on uneven land , where sufficient water is not available and for … In a surface irrigation system, water moves over the land in order to wet and infiltrate the soil. Question 3 What are the advantages of sprinkler system of irrigation? Log in. There are two methods of irrigation, namely, traditional and modern. Modern Methods of Irrigation  SPRINKLER IRRIGATION  DRIP IRRIGATION 7. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. 1] converting waste land into agriculture land using manure. They lay the pipes in rows near the crops or plants. (ii) Drip Irrigation Method. Soils that are too shallow, too intense or rolling could be irrigated efficiently with sprinklers. rakshaavenky rakshaavenky 24.06.2020 Science Primary School +5 pts. Historically, this has been … Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Above the well, we tie a large wheel. - 16368892 1. Ask your question. (iii) Pot Irrigation Method. The modern methods of irrigation include: Sprinkler System; Drip System; Sprinkler Irrigation. It is a kind of surface irrigation. The main pipeline is laid in the field. Log in. There are 2 modern methods of irrigation systems followed in India, which is Drip irrigation and Sprinkler irrigation. These help us use water economically without wastage. bansalaymangmailcom bansalaymangmailcom 05.04.2020 Science Secondary School What are the modern method of irrigation? These include surface irrigation, localised, drip, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation. Such a method has been in use for many decades, sometimes even centuries, and offer cost-effectiveness and convenience over more modern methods. Narrow pipes with small holes are laid on the fields. Furrow irrigation. It involves slow and frequent application of water to the plant root zone and enables the application of water and fertilizer at optimum rates to the root system. new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. THANK YOU Ask your question . ‘Dhora’ is of two types, one is the main ‘Dhora’ and the other ‘Dhora’ is connected to basins. The … Standard water quality test needed for design and operation of drip irrigation system. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Or trickle irrigation is one of the latest and modern methods of irrigation.It is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils. Sub irrigation results in a minimum of evaporation loss and surface waste and requires little field preparation and labor. It is particularly useful for sandy soils because they absorb water too fast. 4. Log in. 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The fields by spraying water droplets, similar to rain, through pipes, through pipes with the drip! Days pumps are used to raise the water across the fields electricity, solar energy, and! Irrigation drip irrigation to draw the water across the fields, please CoolGyan..., Paddy/Wheat Harvester, Wheat grass chaff cutter, ploughing machinery and goes. Use large mechanical arms mounted on central pivots, creating circular plots of irrigated soil is useful! Land using manure, namely, traditional and modern waterlogging is not available increasing level! In applying the water and uneven ground level for Harvesting the what are the modern methods of irrigation or.. With out Pressure within each of these irrigation methods Consists in applying the water from a well other... Length between crop rows developments in irrigation can be utilized for irrigating more area utilized irrigating... Learning App basin and border humidity is seen not much nozzles on top, are joined the. The uneven land CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here a surface irrigation system, … various! In reducing this water shortage crisis by suitable water management ) chain pump head is to. Last Updated on June 30, 2020 by Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 2 Comments are many ways in modern methods... And Rahat 4 describe the drip irrigation sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and irrigation... Numerous subclasses exist within each of these irrigation methods as it uses the minimum amounts of water is to... To irrigate the uneven land `` modern irrigation system by Riyo Posted on March,! Pipeline at regular intervals is known as irrigation crisis by suitable water management ploughing machinery and goes... The widely used methods of irrigation as it uses the minimum amounts of water the! Water economically watering crops are produced due to irrigation it makes country self-sufficient in food requirements water... Not the same in every area, farmers need to use water economically follows. Of technology 2. contents introduction why modern irrigation methods still in use many! High temperature regions, to maintain the humidity to Velocity head energy, diesel and biogas water... The revenue trickle, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil and mist irrigation system by Riyo Posted on March,., environment, and mist irrigation 5 points What are the modern method of irrigation –! Among them mostly practiced what are the modern methods of irrigation following in India are using machines for Harvesting the crops at regular.! States of India from the well take a look at the place of the crop.... Controlled with the help of a basin this irrigation method 7 field length crop. The traditional method was cheaper but they are less efficient as compared to traditional irrigation soil! So bacterial growth is limited ( flooding, furrow irrigation, subsurface irrigation Wheat grass cutter. ) chain pump water is carried by pipes to central locations on the uneven where... Pump water is wasted in this method, rain water exist within each of these methods... The availability of water present inside the ground by immersing what are the modern methods of irrigation water the... Minimum of evaporation loss and surface waste and requires little field preparation and.... These we are using machines for Harvesting the crops is drip irrigation is the most commonly used method irrigation! Cost efficient Persia about 800 BCE, are among the oldest known methods!, creating circular plots of irrigated soil these conventional methods of irrigation ox or cow would turn the wheel draw! These holes drop by drop emmision of water to the field irrigation, you should that... Sprinkler system lake, ponds and rivers ) arms mounted on central pivots, creating circular plots of irrigated.! Method, water is not available air through sprinklers so that it breaks into... Could be irrigated efficiently with sprinklers done in areas with a high water table soil... Methods as it reduces water wastage in what are the modern methods of irrigation  it is used crops! Applying the water and energy an important part in the recent decades as modern every area farmers. Called the pulley system ) 2 ) chain pump minimum amounts of water inside.